In 1920's the Norte de Cuba railroad opened between the urban communities of Santa Clara and Puerto Tarafa in Nuevitas. The cause of Florencia was the development of a railroad station to give access to its Guadalupe neighbors in 1926. Guadalupe is the most seasoned town in this locale. This train station was based on a homestead known as El Merino. The railroad was vital for this district, it really was the first method for correspondence and transport that connected these lost valleys with whatever remains of nation. In the 1920s the streets were practically nonexistent and individuals existed in complete disengagement.
The main strategy for correspondence and transport was by arreas. With the entry of the railroad, the ranchers got to be wealthier and accordingly numerous vendors and businesspeople moved their organizations to be close to the new station. Land organizations and the neighborhood managers of the homesteads began to create what is presently this captivating town. In the first place the railroad station and afterward the new town itself was named Florencia. The name was recommended by one of the neighbors who said that the mountain perspective helped her to remember the mountains close Florence in Italy.
The quick build of its populace was to some extent because of the Sansó & Cia, which opened an enormous nourishment industry in the town in the 1940s furthermore as an aftereffect of the development of dams on the Chambas waterway. At the point when the water of the dams overflowed the Florencia and Tamarindo valleys in the 1990s, a large number of the influenced agriculturists and their families moved to Florencia. Florencia developed rapidly, and it has since turned into the most paramount social and practical focus with the best correspondences offices in the region.